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A Doomed Planet
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Auteur :  Cialf [ Ven 11 Sep 2009 19:13 ]
Sujet du message :  A Doomed Planet

La fin du monde comme si vous y étiez!

Je mets le texte à la suite, au cas où l'article ne serait plus en accès libre par la suite.

N'en déduisez pas que vous pourrez twitter après la fin du monde.

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/01/scien ... .html?_r=1

A Doomed Planet, and Scientists Are Lucky to Have Spotted It
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LinkedinDiggFacebookMixxMySpaceYahoo! BuzzPermalinkBy KENNETH CHANG
Published: August 31, 2009
Were astronomers just lucky when they discovered the planet WASP-18b?

At first impression, the planet, described in the current issue of the journal Nature, fits a familiar profile for planets that have been discovered around other stars: big (about 10 times the mass of Jupiter), close to the parent star (about 1.9 million miles away, or just one-fiftieth of the distance between the Sun and Earth) and hot (3,800 degrees Fahrenheit). About one-quarter of the nearly 400 planets discovered so far have been such “hot Jupiters.”

But as an international team of astronomers looked more closely, they became more surprised that they had seen WASP-18b at all. The tidal forces between a star and a planet dissipate energy, and WASP-18b is so close that it should fall into its host star in less than a million years — an eye blink on the cosmic scale. (Andrew Collier Cameron, a professor of astronomy at the University of St. Andrew and a member of the team, noted that with the impending fiery fate of the planet, it seemed appropriate that it was located in the constellation Phoenix.)

The star system is about a billion years old, the astronomers reported, so the chances that they observed WASP-18b on the cusp of oblivion is about 1 in 1,000.

In an accompanying commentary in Nature, Douglas P. Hamilton, a professor of astronomy at the University of Maryland, noted that this was roughly the same unlikely probability as drawing two red aces in a row from a full deck of cards.

“Of those 400 objects, it’s unique,” Dr. Hamilton said. “It’s the only planet that’s going to be crashing into its star in one million years.”

But luck is not the only possibility. Ignorance could be another. It might be that astronomers do not understand the dynamics of stellar tides. The rate of energy dissipation depends on how well the star vibrates — ringing like a bell or thunking like a chunk of wood. (If the star is ringing, less energy is dissipated, and WASP-18b would not be falling as quickly.) This difficult-to-measure quantity, which depends on turbulence inside the star, is not known for individual stars, not even for the Sun.

The answer does not have to wait a million years. In fact, astronomers just have to wait 5 to 10 years. WASP-18b already whips around the star every 22 hours, 35 minutes, 41.5 seconds — a year in less than an Earth day. If it is falling inward as fast as predicted, its day will shorten noticeably in the coming years.

Auteur :  Soulnight [ Ven 11 Sep 2009 22:48 ]
Sujet du message :  Re: A Doomed Planet

Heu... Oui et en français ça donne quoi ^^

Auteur :  Cialf [ Sam 12 Sep 2009 11:12 ]
Sujet du message :  Re: A Doomed Planet

J'envoie la traduction dès que j'ai le temps.

Auteur :  Soulnight [ Sam 12 Sep 2009 14:05 ]
Sujet du message :  Re: A Doomed Planet

Ok merci.

Auteur :  mutos [ Sam 12 Sep 2009 16:20 ]
Sujet du message :  Re: A Doomed Planet

Bonjour à tous,

En gros, une planète qui va tomber dans son étoile en environ 1 million d'année, mais pour savoir précisément quand, il faut encore calculer précisément son taux de chute et pour cela il faut des modèles plus fins de la dissipation d'énergie due aux forces de marée entre l'étoile et la planète.

Très intéressant, on découvre des phénomènes dont on n'avait pas idée avec en fait assez peu d'observations coté exoplanètes ! Parce que, ce genre de choses, on l'avait prédit théoriquement, mais sans pouvoir réellement dire à quoi çà pouvait ressembler dans la pratique...

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